Raw Herbs
Trade Name
Vernacular Name
English Name
Botanical Name
Tamil Name
Malyalam Name
Nepali Name
Adusa
Vasa
Vasaka
Adhatoda
vasica Nees
Adatodai
Atalotakam
Aftimoon
Aftimoon
Vilayati
Dodder or Cuscuta
Cuscuta epithymum
Linn.
Agar
Agaru
Eagle Wood
Aquilaria agallocha
Roxb.
Agar
Ajmod
Ajmuda
Apium leptophyllum (Pers.)
F.V.M. ex Benth. Omam
Oman
Akarkara
Aaqarqarha
Pellitory
Anacyclus pyrethrum
DC.
Akkirakaram
Akkikkaruka
Aloe
Ghrita Kumari
Aloe
Aloe barbadensis
Mill.
Chirukattali
Kumari
Amaltas
Amaltas
Indian Laburnam
Cassia fistula Linn.
Konnai
Konna
Amba Haldi
Amhaldi
Mango Ginger
Curcuma amada Roxb.
Mangai inji
Mannayinci
Amla
Amla
Emblic Myrobalan
Emblica officinalis Gaertn.
Nelli
Nellimaram
Amla
Anantmool
Anatamool
Indian Sarsaparilla
Hemidesmus indicus R. Br.
Nannari
Naruninti
Anar
Anar
Pomegranate
Punica
granatum Linn.
Madulam
Matalam
Arjun
Arjuna
Arjun
Terminalia arjuna W. & A.
Vellamatta
Vellamarutu
Arjun
Arjuna
Arjun, White Murdah
Terminalia
arjuna W. & A.
Vellamatta
Nirmarutu
Arnimool
Agnimantha
Clerodendrum phlomidis
Linn. f.
Takkari
Tiritali
Ashok
Asoka
Ashoka
Saraca asoca (Rosc.) DC. Wilde
Asogam
Asokam
Ashwa-
gandha
Asgandh
Withania Root
Withania somnifera Dunal
Amukkira
Amukkuram
Atis (Kadwa)
Atis (Bitter)
Monks Hood
Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. ex Royle
Ativadayam
Ativitayam
Atis (Meetha)
Mithazahar
Indian Napellus
Aconitum chasmanthum Stapf ex Holmes
Babchi
Babchi
Psoralea
Psoralea corylifolia Linn.
Kaarboka
arisi
Karpokkari
Babul (Gond)
Babul
Gum Arabic
Acacia nilotica (Linn.)
Willd. ex Del.
Karuvelei,
Karivelam
Bach
Vacha
Sweet Flag
Acorus calamus Linn.
Vasambu
Vasambu
Bojho
Badimai
-
-
Tamarix indica Roxb.
Sirusavukhu
Bahmen (Lal)
Behan (Surkh)
Red Behen
Salvia haematodes M.
Baichandi
Karukandu
Dioscorea
Dioscorea hispida
Dennst.
Peiperendai
Podava
kilangu
Baikumbhi
Baikumbhi
Careya arborea Roxb.
Ayma
Alam
Bail
Bael
Bengal Quince
Aegle
marmelos Correa
ex Roxb.
Vilvam
Vilvam
Bakayan
Bakayin
Persian Lilac
Melia azedarach Linn.
Malaivembu
Malaveppu
Bakul
Bakula
Bullet Wood
Mimusops
elengi Linn.
Vagulam
Elengi
Bala
Bala
Country Mallow
Sida cordifolia Linn.
Nilatutti
Kurunthotti
Baladona
Baladona
Belladonna
Atropa belladonna Linn.
Balanga
Tukhm-
e-Balanga
Salvia Seeds
Lallemantia royleana Benth.
Paniar-tuthi
Vellurum
Balson
Balasan
Balsam Tree
Commiphora opobalsamum (Linn.) Engl.
Ban Tulsi
Bana Tulasi
--
Majorana hortensis Moench.
Marru,
Maruvu
Maruvamu
Banafsha
Nilapushpa
Sweet Violet
Viola odorata Linn.
Bankakdi
Papra
Indian Podophyllum
Podophyllum hexandrum Roxle
Behda
Bibhitaka
Beleric Myrobalan
Terminalia belerica Roxb.
Tanni
Tannai
Barro
Bhaang
Vijaya
Indian Hemp
Cannabis sativa Linn.
Ganca
Kancavu

Bhilawa
Bhallika
Marking Nut Tree
Semecarpus anacardium Linn. f.
Shenkottei, Erimugi
Chera
Bhalayo
Bhojpatra
Bhojpatra
Betula acuminata Wall.
Bhurjamaram
Bhurja-
maram
Bhoj patra
Bhringraj
Bhangara
Eclipta alba Hassk.
Garuga
Kyonni
Bhumiamla
Bhuiamla
Phyllanthus
Phyllanthus niruri Linn.
Keela nelli
Kizhanelli
Bichu
Hathajori
Devil’s Claw
Martynia annua Linn.
Thelkod-ukkukai
Pulinakham
Biranjasif
Gandana
Millfoil
Achillea millefolium Linn.
Brahmdanti
Brahmadanti
Tricholepis glaberrima DC.
Brahmi
Brahmi
Thyme Leaved Gratiola
Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Wettst.
Nirbrahmi
Nirbrahmi
Chadila
Charela
Parmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach.
Kalpasi
Shitashiva
Jhyau
Chaksu
Chaksu
Cassia absus Linn.
Mulaippal-virai
Karinkolla
Chandan
Chandana
White Sandal Wood Tree
Santalum album Linn.
Sandanam
Chandanam
Shri khand
Chawal-Mongra
Gynocardia odorata R. Br.
Chinai Katha
Kath-kutha
Uncaria gambier Roxb.
Chiraita
Chiraita
Indian Gentian
Swertia chirayita
(Roxb.) ex
Fleming Karst.
Puvamkottai
Urvangikaya
Chiraito
Chitrak
Chitraka
Lead Wort
Plumbago
zeylanica Linn.
Cithiramulam
Tumba koduveli
Chobchini
Chobchini
China Root
Smilax china Linn.
Dalchini
Tvak
Cinnamon Bark
Cinnamomum
zeylanicum Breyn.
Lavangam
AiLlavangam
Daruhaldi
Daruharidra
Berbery
Berberis
aristata DC.
Chutro
Devdaru
Deodar
Cedar Wood
Cedrus deodara
(Roxb.) Loud
Tevataram, Tevataru
Devataram
Dhaiphool
Dhataki
Fire Flame Bush
Woodfordia
fruticosa Kurz.
Dhattari
Tatiri
Dhayaro
Dhatura
Dhattura
Thorn Apple
Datura
metel Linn.
Ummattai
Ummattu
Dhawada (Gond)
Dhaura
Button Tree
Anogeissus
latifolia Wall.
Velly naga
Marukinchiram
Dhoop
Kala-Damar
Black Dammar
Canarium
strictum Roxb.
Karapu
kongiliam
Karuttu-kungiliyam
Dhupi
Dikamali (Gond)
Dikamali
Gummy Cape Jasmine
Gardenia
gummifera Linn. f.
Kambilippicin
Somanad-ikayam
Durva (Ghaas)
Dub-Ghas
Couch Grass
Cynodon dactylon Linn.
Arugam-pullu
Karuka
Gajpipal
Gajapippali
Scindapsus
officinalis Schott
Anaittippili
Anaittippili
Gambhari
Gambhari
Candahar Tree
Gmelina
arborea Roxb.
Perunkurmizh
Sevana
Ghanera
Kalgur
Nothapodytes
foetida (Wight)
Sleumer
Arali
Ghanera-
osadi
Osari
Goat Weed
Ageratum
conyzoides Linn.
Pumpillu
Gilo
Giloe
Moon Creeper
Tinospora
cordifolia (Willd)
Miers.
Amudom
Amrytu
Gurjo
Gokhru
Gokhru
Land Caltrops
Tribulus
terrestris Linn.
Nerunji
Nerunji
Gokrhmundi
Mundi
Indian Globe Flower
Sphaeranthus
indicus Linn.
Kottaka-
ranthai
Mirangani
Gudmar
Meshasingi
Gymnema
sylvestre R. Br.
Adigam
Cakkarakkolli
Guggul
Muqil
Bdellium
Commiphora
mukul Hook
ex Stocks
Maishakshi
Gukkal
Itinni
Gokul
dhup
Gulab
Rosa damascena
Mill.
Gule-e-Gaozeban
Gaozaban
Cow’s Tongue Plant
Onosma b
racteatum Wall.
Gule-e-Ghafis
Ghafis
Persian Gentian
Gentiana
olivieri Griseb.
Gul-e-Pista
Pista
Pistachio (Flower)
Pistacia
vera Linn.
Harad
( Kabuli )
Haritaki
Terminalia
chebula Retz.
Kadukkai
Kadukka
Harad
(Choti)
Haritaki
Myrobalan
Terminalia
chebula Retz
Kadukkai
Katukka
Harda
Haritaki
Chebulic Myrobalan
Terminalia
chebula Retz
Kadukkai
Katukka
Harmal
Harmal
Peganum
harmala Linn.
Hathi-Paon
Dioscorea
deltoidea Wall.
Bhvyakur
Hauber
Aaraar
Juniperus
communis Linn.
Abhal
Abhal
Herabol
Samudra-
guggala
Herabol Myrrh
Commiphora
myrrha (Nees) Engl.
Heracleum
Heracleum
Heracleum
wallichii DC.
Imli
Amli
Tamarindus
Tamarindus
indicus Linn.
Puli
Puli
Inderjau
Inderjao

Holarrhena
pubescens Wall.
Veppalei
Kodagapala
Indrayan
Indravaruni
Colocynth
Citrullus
colocynthis
Schrad.
Peykkumutti
Peyko-
mmutti
Isabgol
Ispaghul
Spogel Seeds
Plantago
ovata Forsk.
Iskolvirai
Karka-
tasringi
Jadwar
Jadwar
Delphinium
Delphinium
denudatum Wall.
Nirbasi
Nirvasi
Jaiphal
Jaiphal
Nutmeg
Myristica
fragrans Houtt.
Jajikai
Jajikai
Jamalghota
Jamalgota
Purging Croton
Croton tiglium
Linn.
Nervalam
Nervalam
Jamalgota
Jamalgota
Purging Croton
Croton tiglium Linn.
Nervalam
Nervalam
Jamun
Jambu
Black Plum
Syzygium
cumini (Linn.)
Skeels.
Neredam
Naval
Jatamansi
Jatamamsi
Nardus Root
Nardosstachys
jatamansi DC.
Jatamanji
Manchi
Jata
mansi
Javetri
Javetri
Mace
Myristica
fragrans Houtt.
Jajikai
Jadipatri
Jhau
Jhau
Tamarix
Tamarix
dioica Roxb.
Nirumari
Jeevanti
Jivanti
Dendrobium
macraei Lindl.
Palaikkodi
Jibanti
Kachur
Karchur
Zedoary
Curcuma
zedoaria Rosc.
Kichili-
kizhanghu
Pula-
kizhanna
Kachur
Kakrasingi
Karkata Sringi
Pistacia
integerrima
Stew ex Brandis.
Kakara Singhi
Kaladana
Krishnalija
Ipomoea
hederacea
(Linn.) Jacq.
Kalijiri
Kaliziri
Black Cumin
Centratherum 
anthelminticum
Kattu-
shiragam
Kattu-
jirakam
Kalimusli
Musli-kewed
Black Musale
Curculigo
orchioides
Gaertn.
Nilappana
ikkilanku
Nilappana
Musuli
Kalmegh
Kalmegh
Andrographis
Andrographis paniculata Wall. ex Nees
Nelavemu
Nelavepu
Kalonji
Kalaunji
Small Fennel
Nigella sativa Linn.
Karunjiragam
Karunchi-
ragam
Kamalgatta
Kamala (Fruit)
Lotus (Fruit)
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
Ambal
Thamara
Kamarkas

Salvia
Salvia plebeian R.Br.
Kapoor-
kachri
Chandramula
Kaempferia galanga Linn.
Kacholam
Katjulam
Karafs
Apium graveolens Linn.
Karanj
Karanja
Indian Beach
Pongamia glabra Vent.
Ponga,
Pongam
Pungu,
Punnu
Kashmalu
Tukhm-i-
balangu
Lallemantia royleana Benth.
Kateli (Small)
Kantakari
Febrifuge Plant
Solanum surattense Burm. f.
Kandankattiri
Kandan-
kattiri
Katira (Gond)
Katira
Cochlospermum religiosum (Linn) Alston
Kongilam
Appakutakka
Kesar
Zafran
Saffron
Crocus sativus Linn.
Kunkumappu
Kunkuma-
ppuvu
Khaskhash
Post (Dana)
Poppy (Seeds)
Papaver somniferum Linn.
Abini
Afiun
Khub Kalan
Khubkalan
Sisymbrium irio Linn.
Khubbazi
Gul-Khair
Common Mallow
Malva sylvestris Linn.
Kokam
Kokam
Kokam Butter Tree
Garcinia indica Chois
Murgal
Punampulli
Konch
(Black)
Atmagupta
Cowhage
Mucuna pruiens DC.
Poonaikali
Naikuruna
Konch
(White)
Atmagupta
Cowhage
Mucuna pruiens DC.
Poonaikali
Naikuruna
Kuchla
Visamusti
Nux-vomica
Strychnos nux-vomica Linn.
Etti
Kanjiram
Kulanjan
Bara Kulanjan
Siamese Ginger
Alpinia galanga Linn.
Perratthei
Kol-ingi
Salai-Gugal
Kunduru
Olibanum
Boswellia serrata Roxb.
Sambrani
Kusum
Phool
Kusum
Safflower
Carthamus tinctorius Linn.
Sendurakam
Kuyimpu
Kutaj
Kurchi
Ester Tree
Holarrhena antidysenterica
(Linn.) Wall.
Kudaga-
ppalai
Kodagapala
Kuth
Kushtha
Costus
Saussurea
lappa C. B. Clarke
Kostum
Sepunddy
Kutki
Kuru
Helibore
Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth.
Katukarogani
Katukarogani
Kutki
Lajwanti
Chui-mui
Sensitive Plant
Mimosa pudica Linn.
Tottalvadi,
Tintarmani
Langali
Kalihari
Glory Lily
Gloriosa
superba Linn.
Akkinichilam
Lemon Grass
Ganjini
Lemon Grass
Cymbopogon
nardus (Linn.) Rendle
Kamachi-pillu
Kamakshi-
pillu
Lodhra
Lodha
Symplocos Bark
Symplocos
racemosa Roxb.
Velli-lethi
Pachotti
Mainphal
Madana
Emetic Nut
Catunaregum
spinosa
Muruk
hallankay
Kara
Majith
Manjistha
Indian Madder
Rubia
cordifolia Linn.
Shevelli
Poont
Majitho
Majuphal
Mazu
Dyer’s Oak
Quercus infectoria Oliv.
Machakai
Majakai
Malkangani
Malkangni
Celastrus paniculatus Willd.
Valuluvai
Palulavam
Marorphali
Jonkaphal
Indian
Screw
Tree
Helicteres isora Linn
Valampiri
Kaivum
Meda
Meda
Polygonatum cirrihifolium Rolye.
Mehandi
Madayanti
Henna
Lawsonia inermis Linn.
Marithondi
Mailanchi
Mochras
Salmali
Silk
Cotton
Tree
Salmalia malabarica Schott.
& Endl.
Mullilavu
Mullilavau
Simal
Mulathi
Yashti-
Madhu
Liquorice
Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn.
Atimaduram
Iratima-
dhuram
Mushkdana
Latak-
asturika
Musk Mellow
Hibiscus abelmoschus Linn.
Varttilai,
Kattuk-
asthuri
Nagarmotha
Musta
Nut
Grass
Cyperus rotundus Linn.
Korai
Muttanna
Nagarmotha
Nagarmutha
Cyperus scariosus R.Br.
Nagbeli
Nagbeli
Lycopodium clavatum Linn.
Nagbeli
Nagkesar
Nageshwar
Phool
Iron
Wood
Mesua ferrea Linn.
Nangu
Nanga
Nagesori
Narkachur
Mahabaribach
Zingiber zerumbet Rosc. ex Smith
Kattingi
Nimboli
Neem
Margosa Tree
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Vepam
Vepa
Nirgundi
Sambhalu
Negundo
Vitex negundo Linn.
Vellai-nocohi, Nirkkundi,
Vellanocchi
Nirmali
Kataka
Clearing
Nut Tree
Strychnos potatorum Linn. f.
Tetan-kotai
Tetran-paral
Nirmasi
--
--
Aconitum spp.
Nirbisi
Nisoth
Nisoth
Terpeth
Root
Operculina turpethum R. Br.
Shivadai
Chivaka
Ood-e-
Saleeb
Udsalap
Paeonea Root
Paeonia officinalis Linn.
Pakhanved
Pakhan
bhed
Bergenia ciliata Sternb.
Pakhan
bed
Palash
(Gond)
Dhak/Palas
Bastard
Teak (Gum)
Butea monosperma (Lam.) Kurtze
Parasa
Palasins-amatha
Palash Papda
Dhak/Palas
Bengal
Kino Tree
Butea monosperma (Lam.) Kuntze
Paras
Palasin samatha
Parul
Paral
Stereospermum suaveolens DC.
Padri
Pathanilodh
Lodh
Pathani
Lodh
Tree
Symplocos racemosus Roxb.
Patharphod
Patharphori
Didymocarpus pedicellata R. Br.
Kumkum
Pawad
Chakrmda
Ringworm Plant
Cassia tora Linn.
Tagari
Tagaraa
Pilijadi
Pilijadi
Golden
Seal
Hydrastis canadensis
Pipal (Borki)
Pippali
Long
Pepper
Piper longum Linn.
Tippili
Tippali
Pipal (Gol)
Pippali
—-
Piper mullesua D.Don
Tippili
Tippali
Pipal (Savali)
Pippali
Long
Pepper
Piper longum Linn.
Tippili
Tippali
Pipali
Pippali
Long
Pepper
Piper longum Linn.
Tippili
Tippali
Priyangu (Phool)
Priangu
Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl
Chimpompil
Punarnava
Rakta
 Punarnava 
Boerhaavia diffusa Linn.
Mukaratte
-kieri
Raktchandan
Rakta-candana
Red
Sandal Wood
Pterocarpus santalinus Linn. f.
Atti
Patrangam
Rampatri
Patri
Malabar Nutmeg
Myristica malabarica Lam.
Patthiri
Kattujattika
Rasana
Ravasan

Pluchea lanceolata Oliver & Hiern.
Ratanjot
Dhamani
Onosma hispidum Wall. ex D.Don
Ratti
Gunja
Abrus precatorius Linn.
Gundumani
Kunni
Reetha
Ritha
Soap
Nut
Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.
Puvamkottai
Urvangikaya
Rettha
Revalchini
Rewand
Chini
Rhuberb
Rheum emodi Wall.
Nattu-irevalchinni
Nattu-manjal-
china-kizhangu
Roda


Holarrhena antidysenterica (Linn.) Wall.
Rohitak
Rohitak
Rohida
Tree
Tecomella undulata (G. Don) Seem.
Rudraksh
Rudraki

Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb.
Rudraksha
Rudraksha
Rudra-
ksha
Rumi
Mastagi
Mastagi
Mastich
Pistacia lentiscus Linn.
Sadabahar
Sadabahar
Periwinkle
Vinca rosea Linn.
Sudukadu mallikai
Ushamalari
Safed
Musli
Safed-musli
Chlorophytum arundinaceum Baker
Salabgatha
--
Orchid
Orchis spp.
Salabpanja
Salab
Salep
Orchis latifolia Linn.
Salamisri
Salamisri
Salam
Panja
Salap
Salep, Orchid
Dactylorhiza hatagirea
Pancha-unle
Sambhalu
Nirgundi
Negundo
Vitex negundo Linn.
Vellai-nocohi
Vellanocchi
Sapistan
Lasora (Chota)
Cordia dichotama Forst. f.
Naruvili
Viri
Saptrangi
Ingli
Salacia chinensis Linn.
Cherukuranti
Sarpa-gandha
Chotachand
Serpentina Root
Rauwolfia serpentina Benth. ex Kurz
Chivan
amelpodi
Chuvanna-
vilpori
Sarpa-
ghanda
Satawar
Satawari
Asparagus
Asparagus racemosus Willd.
Shimai
shadavari
Shatvali
Satabari
Senna
Hindi Sana
Tinnevely Senna
Cassia angustifolia Vahl
Nila virai
Nila vaka
Shajna
Sajana
Drumstick Plant
Moringa oleifera Lam.
Muruagai
Sigru
Shakakul
Misri
Shaqaq-ul-Misri
Wild Parsnip
Pastinaca secacul Linn.
Shankh-
pushpi
Sankha-
puspi
Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy
Sangku-pushpam
Shikakai
Saptala
Acacia
Acacia concinna DC.
Shikai
Chikaka
Rasulla
Shikakai
Saptala
Acacia
Acacia concinna DC.
Shikai
Chikaka
Siris
Sirisa
Siris Tree
Albizia lebbek Benth.
Vakai
Vaka
Somlata
Somkalpa
Ephedra
Ephedra gerardiana Wall.
Somlata
Somlata
Sadab
Ephedra gerardiana
Wall.
Aruvadam, Arvada
Aruta,
Nagatali
Sona
Syonaka
Indian Trumpet Flowers
Oroxylum indicum Vent
Achi
Palaga-
paiyani
Sonnapatti
Stenolobium stans Seem.
Sonth
Sunthi
Dried
Ginger
Zingiber officinale Rosc.
Allam
Andrakam
Aduwa
Sosun
Irisa
Iris
Iris ensata Thunb.
Sugandh-kokila
Xanthoxylon budrunga
Sugandh-mantri
Suranjaan
Hirantutiya
Colchicum (Bitter)
Colchicum luteum Baker.
Tagar
Mushkbala
Indian Valerian
Valeriana wallichii DC.
Sugan-dhawal
Taj
Salikha
Cassia
Cinnamomum cassia Blume
Dalchini
Talispatra
Talisha
Indian
Silver Fir
Abies
webbiana
Lindl.
Talisapatri
Talispatram
Tejpatra
Tvakpatra
Indian
Cassia Lignea
Cinnamomum tamala
(Ham.) Nees
& Eberm.
Talishappattiri
Paccila
Tejpat
Teri
Caesalpinia digyna Rottl.
Tesu
Dhak/Palas
Bastard
Teak
(Seed)
Butea monosperma (Lam.) Kurtze
Parasa
Palasinsa-
matha
Timur
Timur
Zanthoxylum oxyphyllum Edgew.
Timur
Tuaranjabin
Yavasaka
Camel
Thorn
Alhagi pseudalhagi (Bieb.) Desv.
Tulsi
Tulasi
Sacred
Basil
Ocimum s
anctum Linn.
Thulsi
Trittavu
Ulatkambal
Ulatkambal
Abroma
augusta
Linn. f.
Unnab
Kola
Jujube
Zizyphus
sativa Gaertn.
Ushaq
Ushak
Ammoni-acam
(Gum Ammoniac)
Dorema ammoniacum D.Don
Usira
Khas
Cuscus
Grass
Vetiveria zizanioides (Linn.) Nash
Vettiver
Ramaccam
Vai-vidang
Baberang
Embelia
Embelia ribes Burm f.
Vayuvilanga
Vizhal
Vidarikand
Pueraria tuberosa DC.
Vilati Amli
Vilati Amli
Gamboge
Garcinia cambogia
Desr.
Kodakk-apuli
Kadumpuli
Vyagh-ranakhi
Bichu
Capparis zeylanica
Linn.
Adondai
Zoofa
Zufah-Yabis Zufah
Hyssop
Hyssopus officinalis Linn.

 

 

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